Every day, people are being told how beneficial it is to use olive oil in the preparation of food, but did you know a gang of Mafia suspects were busted for sending fake, adulterated olive oil to the United States?
Yes, you read that right.
The Italian mafia, what the Italians refer to as “agromafia”, infiltrated Italy’s famed agriculture and food business and have made a substantial profit off these fake oils; an estimated $16.85 billion.
It is said that they have been doing this for almost four millennia, but with food supply chain being widespread, vast and lucrative, it’s easy for bad guys to tamper with our food.
One way could be mixing it with a cheaper vegetable oil.
Do you know of anyone who has become sick after consuming olive oil?
They most likely have a food allergy, but since they didn’t know their olive oil was mixed with soy, peanut, sunflower, hazelnut, corn, palm, sesame, grape seed and/or non-human grade oils, they figured they were safe.
Italian investigators also found pesticides, hydrocarbon residues, pomace oil, and other contaminants in the olive oil imposters.
Other common things found in the fake olive oils are mineral oil, PAHs, carcinogens that have been proven to damage DNA and the immune system.
Unfortunately for us, this is nothing new.
In 1981 there was a case of toxic oil syndrome in Spain, when an industrial additive was added to rapeseed oil and sold as olive oil, killing eight hundred people and injuring thousands more.
In 2010 samples of imported olive oils were tested by researchers at the UC Davis Olive Center. 69% of the samples tested failed to meet the international standards to be called extra virgin olive oil.
Just to give you all an idea of how rampant this thing really is; Tom Mueller, author of Extra Virginity, documents oil fraud going back to the Roman Empire.
According to a 30-year comprehensive academic food fraud study in the Journal of Food Science, the single most referenced adulterated food of any type in scholarly articles from 1980 to 2010, was olive oil.
When Davis Olive Center tested samples from supermarkets, they concluded that two-thirds (69 percent) of imported oils and 10 percent of California oils that were labeled “extra virgin” did not meet legal standard.
In 2011, a follow-up Olive Center supermarket test was conducted using a larger number of samples for consistency. The results showed the five, imported, top-selling brands labeled “extra virgin” in the United States failed to meet the basic legal standard.
There are some people who think the University favors the olive oil that is made by domestic companies, mainly in California, over any imports, so another company, the North American Olive Oil Association, who does their own testing, disputes the accuracy of UC Davis’ findings.
However, continued studies and investigations show in:
- 2014 – hitting an all-time high, there were 95 seizures of counterfeit “extra virgin olive oil” in Italy.
- May 2015 – the National Consumers League, tested 11 national brands of “extra virgin olive oil” sold in the United States and 55 percent failed to meet legal standard.
- 2015 – a French study found that 46 percent of “extra virgin olive oil” labeled bottles were non-compliant.
- Twenty of the most popular brands in Italy were tested by and Italian newspaper, La Stampa, 45 percent were fake.
- December 2015 – the Italian authorities were late in finding a fraud ring that sold 7,000 tons, tens of millions worth, of fake “extra virgin olive oil” that were labeled 100 percent Italian and sold in Italy, Japan and the United States.
- 2016 – 60 minutes reported the majority of “extra virgin olive oil” is mislabeled and a German group found that half the nation’s retail “extra virgin olive oil” was mislabeled. There were seizure and scandals from Italy and France to Ghana and Taiwan.
- February 2016 – Italian authorities seized 2,000 tons, $14.5 million worth, of fake “extra virgin olive oil”. Two months later they seized 22 tons more of Tuscan oil.
How to tell if your olive oil is authentic?
Now how many of you run to your cupboard to check your olive oil only to get there and realize you have no clue what to look for?
Unfortunately, you can’t tell by just looking at it and since people have learned you can find impure oil by testing it, they have come up with other ways to dilute pure oil with less than fresh versions by processing with heat or chemicals, which is harder to detect and illegal.
There’s still the question “So how can I find the real stuff?” Well, there are some things you can look for:
Harvest date: It should say “fall harvest” or “early harvest” of the current year.
Storage and tasting: Oil should be stored in containers that are kept clean, made of stainless-steel with a temperature-control function and have an inactive gas, like nitrogen, that keeps oxygen out.
Flavor/Color: You want to look for extra virgin olive oil that has a bright green color to show high-quality; However, you can also find good quality oils that are green, gold or a pale straw.
The scent of a good oil can be described as fruity, like a green banana or apple, fresh or grass-like, spicy (which indicates the presence healthy antioxidants), bitter or efflorescent.
If the oils have the taste of mold, cardboard, being cooked, creamy, meaty, or hard-metal, they are no good.
Bottles: If you purchase pre-packaged oils, you want to look for one that is packaged in a stainless-steel container, glass that is dark or clear glass that is stored in a cardboard so they are protected from light.
Labeling terms: The label must say “extra virgin”. If it says, “olive pomace oil,” “olive oil,” “light,” or “pure” oil, it means it has been chemically processed.
It’s meaningless when they are labeled “cold pressed” or “first pressed”, because now EVOO (extra virgin olive oil) is made using centrifuges instead of being pressed.
Look for a seal of quality and certified origin: The Producer organizations are held to a much higher standard than the USDAs minimal standards.
Here are some examples:
-Real Italian producers – 100% Qualita Italiana
-California Olive Oil Commission – COOC 100% Certified Extra Virgin Seal
-The North American Olive Oil Association – NAOOA Certified Oil, bearing a red circular logo with a green olive branch
-Australian oils, Cobram Estates – California label (COOC Certified)
-McEvoy Estate has readily available standout California oils
-Australian and Chilean oils are considered more reliable
-Tunisian, South Africa and California produce high-quality oils
-Frankie’s Spuntino, Italian restaurants in New York – Frankie’s 457 made in Sicily, sold in Whole Foods nationally
-Frankie’s- Green Gold, less expensive ($10), for Whole Foods 365 house brand
There’s national chains, olive oil and vinegar stores, with different names, but look the same, with steel circular tanks that dispense oil and are adorned with lots of information about chemical analysis, olive variety, where it came from and when.
They provide tastings and sell in small quantities.
It’s best to buy from retailers that allow you to taste the product and sell small quantities.
Since open oil deteriorates quickly, it’s best to buy 2 small bottles/cans instead of one big one.
Try to buy oil that is less than a year old, follow the “pressed on” or “harvested on” date as this will let you know when it was made.
The “bottled on,” “sell by,” and “use by” dates are meaningless since they are up to the discretion of the manufacturer and most likely mean that is when they took it out of an old storage tank and put it in the bottle. It allows them to keep older stocks out on shelves.
Four tell-tale signs of defective Olive Oil
- Smells like crayons or putty, feels greasy in your mouth, tastes like rancid nuts.
- Fusty flavor. “Fusty” oil occurs when olives sit too long before being milled, leading to fermentation due to lack of oxygen. Should not smell reminiscent of sweaty socks or swampy vegetation.
- Moldy flavor. If it tastes dusty or musty, it was most likely made from moldy olives.
- Wine or vinegar flavor. Sometimes olives undergo fermentation with oxygen, this causes a wine and vinegar (or even nail polish) undertone.
About the Author:
Emma Deangela is the best selling author of The Alkaline Diet Program and 80/20 Fat Loss. She has helped over tens of thousands of men and women to lose weight and transform their health with sound nutrition advice. Learn how you can lose weight fast – How to lose weight by adding these alkaline foods.
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